Battle of the Nile

Accommodation Search

History on 1st August

First Mars Bar Made

Britain abolishes slavery

First Bank Holiday

Battle of the Nile

The 1st of August 1798 AD

The Battle of the Nile proved one of the most significant encounters in the long-running wars between Britain and France. Napoleon had determined on the invasion of Egypt with a view to damaging British power and prestige in the Mediterranean and eventually as far as India. Nelsonís victory over Admiral Brueys at the Bay of Aboukir was comprehensive and far-reaching: the French army recently landed at Alexandria was nullified; British naval power was confirmed, stiffening the resolve of both the Ottoman Empire and Russia; Napoleon would never carve out a Middle East empire.
Nelson ís fleet and that of his opponent were roughly equal in numbers of ships, though the French slightly out-gunned the British. But Brueys made several fatal errors of judgement: his ships were taken by surprise, undergoing repairs and re-victualling and with many crewmen ashore; he wrongly thought Nelson intended to wait until the next day to attack; his line was too spread apart, allowing British ships to pierce it; and Nelsonís ships managed to catch their enemy in a cross-fire.
The outcome was near annihilation of Napoleonís fleet: the Royal Navy didnít lose one vessel whereas four French ships were destroyed Ė one, the flagship Orient, blown to smithereens Ė and nine captured. British dead numbered roughly 200, the French thousands including Admiral Brueys. Nelson suffered a bloody but superficial head wound, but his reputation was hugely enhanced and he was swiftly given a peerage.

More famous dates here

4528 views since 12th January 2011

Brit Quote:
Despair is a narcotic. It lulls the mind into indifference. - Charlie Chaplin
More Quotes

On this day:
Battle of Radcot Bridge - 1387, Ivanhoe Published - 1819, Piltdown Man Discovered - 1912, Death penalty abolished - 1969, Queen Becomes Oldest British Monarch - 2007
More dates from British history

click here to view all the British counties

County Pages