Battle of the Nile

Accommodation Search

History on 1st August


Britain abolishes slavery

Priestley Discovers Oxygen

First Bank Holiday

Battle of the Nile

The 1st of August 1798 AD

The Battle of the Nile proved one of the most significant encounters in the long-running wars between Britain and France. Napoleon had determined on the invasion of Egypt with a view to damaging British power and prestige in the Mediterranean and eventually as far as India. Nelson’s victory over Admiral Brueys at the Bay of Aboukir was comprehensive and far-reaching: the French army recently landed at Alexandria was nullified; British naval power was confirmed, stiffening the resolve of both the Ottoman Empire and Russia; Napoleon would never carve out a Middle East empire.
Nelson ’s fleet and that of his opponent were roughly equal in numbers of ships, though the French slightly out-gunned the British. But Brueys made several fatal errors of judgement: his ships were taken by surprise, undergoing repairs and re-victualling and with many crewmen ashore; he wrongly thought Nelson intended to wait until the next day to attack; his line was too spread apart, allowing British ships to pierce it; and Nelson’s ships managed to catch their enemy in a cross-fire.
The outcome was near annihilation of Napoleon’s fleet: the Royal Navy didn’t lose one vessel whereas four French ships were destroyed – one, the flagship Orient, blown to smithereens – and nine captured. British dead numbered roughly 200, the French thousands including Admiral Brueys. Nelson suffered a bloody but superficial head wound, but his reputation was hugely enhanced and he was swiftly given a peerage.

More famous dates here

4437 views since 12th January 2011

Brit Quote:
I am not against hasty marriages where a mutual flame is fanned by an adequate income - Wilkie Collins
More Quotes

On this day:
Great London Tornado - 1091, Battle of Fornham - 1173, Battle of Neville Cross - 1346, Regicides Executed - 1660, London Beer Flood - 1814, 1st Professional Golf Tournament - 1860, First Motoring Offences in Britain - 1895, First Full-Scale British Air-raid - 1917, World’s First Fully Commercial Nuclear Power Plant Opened - 1956, Hatfield Rail Crash - 2000
More dates from British history

click here to view all the British counties

County Pages